What Are All the Parts in the Vehicle (Car) and Their Functions?
Motor vehicles are machines formed by the combination of many parts and systems. A car has dozens of parts and hundreds of parts. An automobile works by combining mechanical, electronic and computer systems. home owners insurance
It is the part where mechanical energy (motion energy) is produced from the heat energy generated by the combustion of the fuel in the cylinders. In the engine; fuel-injection system, air intake system, exhaust emission system, ignition system (in gasoline engines), starting system, charging system, lubrication system, cooling system, valve system, sensors, actors (activators) and electronic control unit (engine control unit). systems exist. (See: Basic Engine Information and Engine Working Principle) (See: All Engine Parts and Functions)
VEHICLE DRIVE SYSTEMS-POWER TRANSMISSION
(See: Traction Systems and Powertrain)
Tasks of the Clutch System radio online
It is the system that transmits the rotational movement produced in the engine to the gearbox (gearbox) or cuts the transmission. It cuts off the transmission of motion from the engine to the transmission during gear shifts. During the start of the vehicle, the engine gives the movement to the gearbox gradually and smoothly.
Mechanical (dry) clutch (classical press-pad), Hydraulic clutch (torque converter), Multi-disc double clutch (DSG), Double-clutch disc dry clutch (DSG-Powershift) are the most commonly used clutch (clutch) system types. For detailed information (See: Clutch System)
Duties of Transmission (Gearbox)
The rotation movement, which passes from the engine flywheel to the clutch system, is transmitted to the differential by the gearbox. The gearbox changes the speed and torque of the incoming rotation of the engine. Thus, the engine speed is stepped and the speed or torque (traction power) requested by the driver according to the road and load conditions is provided. In addition, the gearbox provides the possibility of running in neutral (neutral gear) and reverse driving (reverse gear). Manual (manual) transmission, semi-automatic (DSG – EDC- DCT) transmission or fully automatic transmission types are used in automobiles.
In all-wheel drive vehicles, there is a distributor gearbox between the gearbox and the shaft shaft, the gearbox output movement is also transmitted to the front axles (the front axles also have a differential), thus providing the vehicle with all-wheel drive. (See: Traction Systems and Powertrain)
Duties of Differential
The differential is located in the middle of the rear axle on rear wheel drive vehicles. In front-wheel drive vehicles, the gearbox and differential are located together in a single body, just behind the engine. The task of the differential is to transmit the rotational movement it receives from the gearbox (or shaft) to the wheels by reducing the speed and increasing the torque. In addition, the differential allows the two drive wheels to turn at different speeds (in bends-turns). It does this thanks to its cross gears. In luxury or off-road vehicles, a lockable differential is used, thus locking both wheels together at low speeds, allowing them to rotate at the same speed and avoid skidding. (See: Differential and Its Types)
Tasks of Aks
It is the steel shaft that transmits the rotation movement it receives from the differential to the wheel. There are two constant speed joints on the axles used in front wheel drive vehicles. Because the front wheels make steering and suspension movements. For detailed information (See: Axle Shafts)
The Role of the Brake System
The brake system is used to reduce the speed of motor vehicles, to stop, to stabilize the stationary vehicle. The most widely used braking system is the hydraulic brake system. Drum and disc brake mechanisms slow and stop the wheel with hydraulic pressure, hydraulic piston, brake pad. The brake system converts the motion energy into heat energy by rubbing the pads on the disc. In addition, pneumatic (air) brake systems are used in commercial vehicles carrying heavy loads.
For more information (See: Brake System)
The Duty of the Wheel
The wheel consists of rims and tires. It takes the entire load of the vehicle on itself, and enables the vehicle to move by rolling. (See: Wheels and Tires)
VEHICLE AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM (AIR CONDITIONING AND HEATER)
The system in which the interior air, temperature, humidity and cleanliness of the vehicle are adjusted is called the vehicle air conditioning system. In the vehicle, these tasks are performed by the air conditioning and heating system.
For detailed information (See: Vehicle Air Conditioning System)
AUTO ELECTRIC AND ELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEM
They are the systems that regulate the operation of all electrical equipment and electronic equipment working in motor vehicles. It can basically be divided into two main topics:
- Auto Electrical System (See: Auto Electrical System)